Olli V. Lounasmaa

Wihuri International Prize 1994

Olli V. Lounasmaa
Technical physics

Born 20 August 1930 in Turku
Died 27 December 2002 in Goa, India

Academician M.A. University of Helsinki 1953
D.Phil. University of Oxford 1958
Research Associate Argonne National Laboratory (USA) 1960–1964
Professor of technical physics Helsinki University of Technology (HUT) 1965–1970
Professor of the Academy of Finland 1970–1996
Director Low Temperature Laboratory at HUT 1965–1995
Academy Professor Emeritus 1996–2002
Elected Member: Finnish Academy of Technical Sciences 1965
(Silver medal 1999), Finnish Academy of Sciences and Letters 1969

(President 1992), Societas Scientiarum Fennica 1976
(Silver medal 2000), Academia Europaea 1989
Fellow of the American Physical Society 1989, Academician 1997
Foreign Member: Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 1974,
National Academy of Sciences (USA) 1998
President of Commission: Low Temperatures of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics 1972–1974
International Institute of Refrigeration 1972–1975
President Finnish Physical Society 1967, Honorary Member 1990–
President: LT14 (1975), ICEC10 (1984), EPS7 (1987) conferences organized in Helsinki

Honorary Doctorates:

University of Helsinki (Faculty of Philosophy) 1990, Tampere University of Technology 1992, Helsinki University of Technology 1998 University of Helsinki (Faculty of Medicine) 2000

Publications

  • Over 200 scientific publications on ultralow temperature physics and neuromagnetism

Book

  • ”Experimental principles and methods below 1K” (1974, in Russian 1988)

Survey

  • ”Huippuyksikköä ei perusteta vaan se syntyy” on mathematics, physics, chemistry, and computer sciences in Finnish universities (1996)

Supervisor of 50 Ph.D. Theses
Coordinator of two Largescaleinstallations at HUT (ultralow temperature physics and neuromagnetism), financed by the European Union, 1994–1998
Fritz London Memorial Award (USA) 1984
KörberStiftung Prize for the Advancement of European Science (Germany) 1987
Forschungspreis, Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung (Germany) 1993
P.L. Kapitza Gold Medal, Russian Academy of Sciences 1995
Italgas Prize, Academy of Sciences of Torino 1995
Mendelssohn Prize and Gold Medal (England) 1996
Commander Ist Class of the Order of the White Rose of Finland 1992

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